Born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Edward R. Roybal grew up in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles. He attended the University of California, Los Angeles, and Southwestern University before serving in the army. In 1947, Roybal ran for a seat on the Los Angeles City Council but was defeated. Along with Fred Ross and other key figures, he created the Community Service Organization (CSO). As president of the organization, Roybal led a crusade against discrimination in housing, employment, and education. In 1949 Roybal ran again for the same seat, and won with the help of CSO. Serving until 1962, he became becoming the first Mexican American since 1887 to win a seat on the Los Angeles City Council. Roybal was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1962, and served until 1992. 7 in. x 5 in.