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Fascist Movements in Southern California

Native fascist organizations had three characteristics in common. All used anti-Semitism in their platforms. All advocated violence, often claiming to be soldiers, warriors, patriots for militants on a mission to establish a higher moral standard. Many wore uniforms and trained as street fighters and rabble rousers ready "to die" for their cause. Lastly, all fascists, with the exception of William Dudley Pelley, lacked clear long term plans.

Pelley, founder and "Chief" of the Silver Legion of America, described his ideal society as a national cooperative functioning without banks, trade unions, money or advertising. Much of his early ideology came from his long association with Huey Long, the "King Fish" of Louisiana. At his peak of popularity in the mid-1930s, Pelley boasted of thousands of followers and the printing of millions of articles, pamphlets and magazines.

Several attempts were made to unite the fascist movements of the United States. George Deatherage, leader of the American National Confederation tried twice in 1938 with assistance from Henry Allen and Leslie Fry, but the individual egos of group leaders prevented unification from taking shape. The second unsuccessful meeting to unify the various fascist groups was held at the Deutsches Haus in Los Angeles. Despite the lack of unity among the native fascists, their propaganda posed a convincing threat to American ideals.
Impeachment of Roosevelt by a people's congress (photograph)

Impeachment of Roosevelt by a people's congress (photograph)

Back Lindbergh (sticker)

Back Lindbergh (sticker)

Lindbergh Anti War Rally (postcard)

Lindbergh Anti War Rally (postcard)

America First at Embassy Auditorium (photograph)

America First at Embassy Auditorium (photograph)

America First March (sheet music)

America First March (sheet music)

Government - a democratic monthly magazine (magazine)

Government - a democratic monthly magazine (magazine)

From Henry Allen to Charlie (letter)

From Henry Allen to Charlie (letter)

Hypocrisy (magazine)

Hypocrisy (magazine)

Mrs. Leslie Fry, Henry Allen, Conrad Chapman, Mr. Gurin (photograph)

Mrs. Leslie Fry, Henry Allen, Conrad Chapman, Mr. Gurin (photograph)

In defense of Henry Allen - Communism is Jewish (handbill)

In defense of Henry Allen - Communism is Jewish (handbill)

The swelling tide of nationalism (reprint)

The swelling tide of nationalism (reprint)

The answer to the betrayal (H.R. 1776) (reprint)

The answer to the betrayal (H.R. 1776) (reprint)

We'll never forget the traitors (photograph)

We'll never forget the traitors (photograph)

Red Network Bulletin: Wanted - a Presidential "Man on a white horse (pamphlet)

Red Network Bulletin: Wanted - a Presidential "Man on a white horse (pamphlet)

The Cause of Communism (flier)

The Cause of Communism (flier)

Mass Protest Meeting - the Henry Allen Case (broadside)

Mass Protest Meeting - the Henry Allen Case (broadside)